like to stress that the main object of the provisions to follow
is to cater for the child and the family as a whole. But in doing
so, it gives women a better choice.
Provided a woman has been employed in a period of six months before
she gives birth, she can take 42 weeks off with full salary; or
she can take the whole year off with 80 % of her salary. The father
ought to take four weeks out of this 42 or 52 weeks period. These
are minimum provisions, paid for by the National Insurance Scheme.
Child benefit is not a social security benefit in the usual sense,
but a key tool for compensating for expenses involved in providing
for children. Child benefit redistributes wealth between families
with and without children, and it is principally aimed at evening
out income differences for the benefit of families with children.
Child benefit is tax-free. Child benefit applies to all children
under 16 years who are domiciled in Norway.
Cash benefit cash-to-care, is a transfer of cash to parents
with children between the ages of one and three who do not or only
partly make use of government subsidized nursery school places.
The purpose is to provide the family with more time to take care
of their own children, and to give the family real choice in selecting
the type of care they prefer for their children. It also intends
to ensure greater fairness in the payments individual families receive
from the government for child care, regardless of how the supervision
of the child is arranged.
Special benefits for single mothers and fathers
One benefit is temporary assistance for the mother or fathers
subsistence, called transitional benefit.
As of today it is 7568 kr ( about 100 000 yen). As a rule we can
obtain this benefit for up to three years until the youngest child
reaches the age of eight. In addition, you can obtain transitional
benefits for up to two months before childbirth.
If you are undergoing essential education, you may obtain transitional
benefit for an extra two years, provided that the youngest child
has not reached the age of eight. If you have a child who requires
special care, you can obtain transitional benefit until the child
reaches the age of eighteen.
Child care benefit can be received when we have to leave our
children with another person because of work or education away from
home, or because we are registered with the employment office as
a genuine job-seeker. If you become temporary ill, you can retain
the benefit for up to one year. The benefit is granted at 70 % of
the documented expenses, and up to a maximum set by the Parliament.
Level of Child Supports
The level of Child Support Payments from the other partner is set
by the public authorities. It will as a general rule, amount to
a percentage of his or her income. Basically, he or she must pay
11 percent for the first child, 18 percent for two children and
24 percent for three children.